The white-tailed deer is a typical sight in Ohio through much of the year. But when you’re driving, you may wish it wasn’t so common. According to the Highway Loss Data Institute, the number of insurance claims due to animal-vehicle collisions peaks each November.
How to Hit a Deer Safely
When a collision is imminent, you should know the proper way to hit a deer to keep yourself safe.
“Being from the country, you have to be on high alert when you’re driving,” said Chelsea Creque, Franklin County, Ohio resident. “There have been a lot of times I’ve had to slam on the brakes, and I’ve had some family members who totaled their cars by hitting deer.”
- Don’t swerve. By far, one of the biggest mistakes you can make right before you hit a deer is swerving. Swerving can seem correct in the moment, but this can cause you to hit another vehicle or someone’s property. This situation now changes your collision’s entire nature and can also seriously injure yourself or another driver.
- Don’t speed up. Contrary to popular belief, speeding up before hitting a deer will not do you any favors. It can cause more damage to you and your vehicle.
- Apply the brakes. Hold onto your steering wheel, apply the brakes, and try your best to come to a complete stop as soon as you can. Braking is the safest way to hit a deer and will cause significantly less damage than the alternative.
What are the First Steps after Hitting a Deer with a Car?
- Move off the road. Moving off the road keeps other drivers and yourself safe. Turn your hazard lights on and move out of traffic. If your vehicle is inoperable, still try your best to get it in a safe spot.
- Report if deer is in road. Reporting the accident can help on many fronts, but especially is the injured deer is still in the roadway.
- Let proper authorities handle the deer. Reporting the accident can help on many fronts, but especially if the injured deer is still in the roadway.
- Assess damage to vehicle. If you’re going to make a claim, you may want to snap a few pictures of the vehicle damage. It will help you and your insurance provider when processing the claim.
- Don’t automatically assume your car is ok to drive! Once you’ve taken all the necessary steps after hitting a deer, you’ll be ready to move on with your life. Don’t assume your car to drive. It may need to be towed. AAA members can have their vehicle towed after the incident, and depending on the level of membership, not be charged a thing! Check out the different AAA membership levels and how they can benefit you.
Is it Illegal to Hit a Deer and Drive Off?
In short—no. Keep in mind this is only true if you only hit a deer. If you swerve and damage another vehicle or property, then yes. You’ll need to contact your insurance company, local police, etc. like you would with any other accident.
If this isn’t the case, it’s totally up to the driver’s discretion, but most states ask you to notify authorities if the deer is badly injured. It can be a potential hazard to anyone near it and needs to be handled as soon as possible.
Another factor that will warrant a call to local authorities will be if someone in the vehicle is injured.
Are You Supposed to Report Hitting a Deer?
Aside from the exceptions mentioned above, you are not legally obligated to report to police or call your insurance company. This is a “your prerogative” type situation, but here are some reasons you may want to consider reporting the auto-deer collision.
- Police will help walk you through the situation step-by-step. While blogs like these can help prepare you for a less than ideal situation, the police will be able to help guide you through the process and ensure you’re taking proper safety measures.
- Calling the police will help with your insurance claim if you file one. An official police report can help aid you when speaking with your insurance company.
- Consider your insurance claim. Unless the damage is minimal or you plan to pay out of pocket, you’re going to want to notify your insurance company immediately. The sooner you inform them, the sooner your insurance company can process your claim.
Still not convinced? In a recent press release, it was reported that “In 2018, the average insurance claim for a deer-vehicle collision in Ohio was nearly $4,000. Vehicle sensors found on newer vehicles continue to increase repair costs. In fact, AAA found these new safety systems can double repair bills for minor collisions.” (More at Newsroom.AAA.com)
Hitting a Deer and Your Insurance
If you want to be proactive about precautions to take in case you hit a deer, start with your insurance. You need to know the difference between comprehensive and collision coverage.
- Comprehensive insurance – Comprehensive covers an array of situations, but most importantly, it can cover animal collisions for this situation. Remember, this coverage applies if you only hit the animal.
- Collision insurance – Collision covers the cost of damages as a result of an accident. Such situations like hit-and-runs, an accident caused by other motorists, or you swerving to avoid an animal and hitting another vehicle or property will be covered under this type of insurance.
Ways to Avoid Hitting a Deer with a Car
Fortunately, you can take steps to keep yourself deer-free on the roads. Remaining diligent is a significant game-changer. Spotting a deer before it’s too late is the best way to avoid an auto-deer collision. Here are some tips from a current AAA Ohio Auto Club press release to keep you safe on the road:
- Scan the road – Look ahead while driving! This may seem like an obvious one, but too often, we get caught up in our driving distractions. We may lose focus on what’s ahead. If you can spot a deer (or any other animal) ahead of time, it will give you time to react appropriately.
- Use high beam headlights – This will aid in spotting a deer ahead of time. High beams help spot animals’ reflective eyes and increase your overall field of vision.
- Be cautious at dawn and dusk – Dusk and dawn are peak times for deer-related auto-accidents. Knowing when deer are most active can help prevent you from hitting a deer with a car.
- Always wear your seatbelt – According to the Insurance Information Institute, the chances of getting injured when hitting an animal are much higher if you don’t have on your seatbelt.
Gary Comer, the wildlife management supervisor for central Ohio’s Division of Natural Resources, also advises people to be aware of their surroundings.
“Pay attention to deer crossing signs – they pop up because people have hit deer there,” said Comer. “And rural areas aren’t the only places you need to be aware. Large urban areas can also be home to deer.”
You also want to pay attention to the time of year. Deer tend to be moving and more active during fall time. We urge that you be cautious all year round, but knowing the trends of animals that can do some major damage to you or your vehicle can help you prevent a major accident.